Since the skin is the body’s largest organ, an organ which happens to be outside the body, it’s particularly prone to disease and disfigurement. The skin may suffer as a result of genetics, age, or exposure to the elements, causing discomfort and embarrassment. Here are 5 of the most common types of skin disorders and how to seek treatment.
Acne is a very common skin disorder that causes pimples, blackheads, scarring, and inflammation when the oil glands become clogged. Acne generally occurs on the face, chest, back, neck, and shoulders. Though many cases of acne aren’t particularly severe, deep cystic acne forms deep within the skin and can cause scars that linger for the rest of a person’s life. About 80% of people will experience some form of acne at some point in their lives with nearly 60% of people continuing to experience acne through adulthood.
The buildup of excess skin tissue that is thick to the touch and red in appearance, often covered with silvery, scaly skin is called psoriasis. It often appears on the knees and elbows, though it can spread to the trunk of the body and along the limbs. Psoriasis makes many patients feel very self-conscious.
Oily, waxy patches of skin that develop on the scalp are often the result of seborrheic dermatitis. Affecting 5% of people, particularly babies (sometimes referred to as “cradle cap”), this flaky, dandruff-like condition isn’t really harmful but it can be a nuisance.
There are 3 main forms of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema, particularly among children. Up to 20% of children have this long-term skin condition which causes itchy rashes behind the knees and along the elbows. Allergic contact dermatitis is a type of eczema-like skin condition that is caused by fragrances, metals in jewelry, and other environmental factors. Nummular dermatitis is a red, flaky type of eczema that is due to dry skin and can be very itchy. Moisturizing the skin is the key to treating any and all type of eczema.
The most common type of skin cancer in the United States is melanoma, with 1 in 5 Americans developing skin cancer in some form at some point in their lives. Out of the many types of skin cancer, 75% of skin cancer deaths are the result of melanoma, which is especially aggressive.
Aside from properly treating and protecting your skin, medical care from expert dermatologists is crucial in both preventing and treating skin diseases and disorders. If you are suffering from an unwanted skin condition or are concerned about the development of a skin issue, schedule an appointment with us for treatment.